The image of a brilliant coastline setting floods your mind at the thought of palm trees, right? Palm trees are far more crucial than simply that. With the capability to grow in varied environments, these plants are capable of enduring cyclones.
Not all palm trees are in fact trees nor really a palm. They can rise in the form of a shrub or wood vines. Palm trees possess 2 different leaf kinds- palmate and pinnate. These plants likewise serve essential religious symbols. It forms the basis of Palm Sunday (a week before Easter) when Jesus was welcomed with palms a week prior to his death. It likewise signifies peace and abundance in Judaism.
With over 2500 varieties, the bulk are located in the tropical, subtropical and warm areas. Palm trees are a source of staples and various other products. Coconut, betel nuts, dates, palm wine (native to Asia and Africa) and palm oil are received from palm trees.
Determining Palm Trees
The recognition of palm trees is generally done by the unique form of the leaves (palm fronds). Generally, there are 2 various leaf shapes, which are palmate (fan-like) and pinnate (feather-like). The shape of the trunk is also utilized in recognizing palm trees. Tall selections of palm trees have long slender single trunks while dwarf or small varieties have short fat trunks.
Some small varieties might have 3 to 4 trunks clustered and rising with each other. And there are also some dwarf varieties that do not have any type of trunk at all. They grow out of the ground as bushy pinnate fronds.
Also, some tall varieties may have smooth slim trunks and some have a bumpy or ringed appearance. The trunk in some palms are covered in fiber which enables the unshaven look they possess.
Small/Dwarf Palm Trees
Tiny selections of palms are normally concerning 3.6 m or much less in elevation. The usual sorts of palm tree that falls in the small/dwarf category include;
● Pygmy Date Palm
The Pygmy Date Palm, Phoenix roebelenii, is a palm tree with a spiky trunk. It does not rise taller than 3m and it has a single stem. The stem possesses lengthy bushy pinnate leaves which are about 1m long. The dates produced by the pygmy palm are not as yummy as those generated on the taller date palm.
● Container Palm Tree
Hyophorbe lagenicaulis, frequently called Bottle Palm Tree, got its name from its trunk form. The tree has a thick and short trunk which looks swollen at the base. The trunk grows to concerning 3m in height with 3 to 4 leaves. The palm fronds can grow to about 3.6 m long at maturity and the leaflets about 0.6 m long.
● Pindo Palm
Butia capitata, typically called the Pindo palm tree, is a slow-growing palm varieties. It is a specie of cold-hardy palms and can rise as high as 4.5 m to 6m. Pindo palms are tolerant of most soil kinds. The fruit produced by the pindo palm has a light orange to brown colour and is typically utilized in making jelly.
● Dwarf Majesty Palm
Dwarf Majesty Palm, Ravenea hildebrandtii, is one of the most prominent short palm trees for landscape design and gardens.
It has a single trunk which is about 7cm (3 inches) thick and the leaves are dark green feather-like (pinnate). The plant has a maximum height of 2.4 m (8ft). The leaves are about 100cm (3ft) long and might have as many as 100 leaflets along the stem.
● Triangle Palm
Triangle palm, Neodypsis decaryi, is characterised by lengthy pinnate leaves that can reach about 2.5 m (8 ft) in length. The leaflets of the palm point out at an angle of 120 ° which gives the fronds a triangular shape.
The palm got its name from the leaves which fan out from a single coarse stem to form an unique triangle appearance. It is an ornamental sort of palm tree ideal for subtropical and tropical gardens.
● Mediterranean Dwarf Palm
The Mediterranean Dwarf Palm, Chamaerops humilis, has few clustered trunks. This makes the palm look even more like a bush. The Mediterranean Dwarf Palm rises between 2m to 5m (10 to 20ft). The wideness of the palm’s leaflets ranges from 50cm to 80cm (20 to 30 inches) with a length of around 1.5 m (5ft).
The palm fronds grow in a fan-like form (palate) and are light-green to silver-green in color. Mediterranean Dwarf Palm is valued for its ornamental value and it offers an exotic appearance when grown in temperate regions.
● Spindle Palm
Generally described as Spindle Palm, Hyophorbe verschaffeltii is typically mistaken for the bottle palm. The palm got its name from the trunk which has a spindle form- slender at both ends and thick at the middle. Pin Palm has a sluggish development rate and can rise as tall as 4 to 8 feet. The leaves are green and feather-like and they rise in a V-shape fashion.
Various other kinds of Palm Trees
● Day Palms
Date Palms, Phoenix dactylifera, is valued as one of the historic palm trees and for its rich source of food. As judged by the name, date palm generates dates- a delicious type of fruit.
It can grow as high as 100 feet and the leaves are feather-like shaped. About 10 to 20 leaves are grown each year in a date palm and the size of the leaves can range between 12 to 18 feet. The leaves turn pale brownish after numerous years and diminish.
● Zombie Palm Trees
Zombia antillarum, generally described as Zombie Palm Tree, is indigenous to Hispaniola. The palm can rise to a height of 3 metres. The palm obtained its name from its sharp backs, like voodoo dolls, that rise on the trunk. Although a slow-growing palm, it can get to an elevation of 10 feet.
● Windmill Palm Tree
Windmill Palm tree, Trachycarpus fortunei, is among the sturdy varieties of the palm tree. It has a slender trunk and can rise as high as 44 feet high. The leaves have a fan-like form though the tip has a weeping appearance. Windmill Palm tree is native to Japan and China and has a number of names as Chinese Windmill Palm and Chusan palm.
● Coconut Tree
Cocos nucifera, commonly called the Coconut tree is commonly located in the tropical beaches. The palm can rise to attain an altitude of 20 metres. The leaves are feather-like (pinnate) and can attain a length of 3 metres. The fruit of this palm tree, coconut, can weigh up to 2kg and it is the largest seed that exists.
● Cuban Royal Palm
Cuban royal palm, Roystonea regia, is indigenous to Bahamas, Vuna, Puerto Rico and some Mexico regions. The palm generally does not surpass 25m in height yet it can rise as high as 40 metres. The leaves are feather-like shaped and have several leaflets. The trunk has a diameter of regarding 60cm and has a smooth appearance.
● Florida Thatch Palm
Florida Thatch palm, Thrinax radiata, is typically found along the seaside highways of South Florida. It can rise to an elevation of 15 to 20 feet. It is a slow-growing tree with large fan-shaped leaves. The palm tree creates small fruits which is a fantastic food for birds.
The tallest palm tree is the Quindio wax palm which is Colombia’s national tree. It can grow to about 200 feet tall.
Nevertheless, with over 2500 species, numerous palm trees are going into extinction. Palm trees are attractive and you could consider rising a dwarf variety to beautify your landscape.